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|Title||Map Comparison based on Template Image Matching Techniques|
|Title in Arabic||Map Comparison based on Template Image Matching Techniques|
Generally, Maps have a great importance for individuals as well as nations. This importance arises due to the fact that maps are considered as documents. Also, maps are used extensively in the determination of the position of the boundaries of public or private land, including national and international boundaries and also locating and describing these property boundaries for area measurement, dispute resolution between neighbors, etc. An enormous amount of old maps was produced during the last century and became out of date over time. Such old maps can provide valuable information for different disciplines and can be useful for surveyors, geographers, historians and others interested in researching the background of an area. Old maps are used more and more as data sources to detect spatial and temporal changes. Unfortunately, maps (in general) are subject to spatial changes due to several factors. Some of these are older land surveying and mapmaking techniques, human endeavor (unwitting errors, misrepresentation, bias, or outright fraud), switching to newer and more accurate spheroids or projections, and intentional spatial changes for political or security purposes. This problem arises when we combine information from existing paper maps with data from Global Positioning System (GPS) readings, or with scanned maps, and satellite imagery. Maps from different sources, from different types and different years (old maps) do often miss the needed transformation parameters. The correct integration of these pieces of information (e.g. GIS data) requires a correct matching of the data as far as geographic location is concerned.
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