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|Title||Association between distance of sewage plant and prevalence of intestinal parasites among children of Beit-lahia, Gaza Strip, Palestine.|
A cross sectional study was conducted during 2002-2004 to determine the association between the distance of sewage palnts as a sanitation conditionor factor and the prevalence of different types of intestinal parasites in Beit- Lahia, Gaza Strip Palestine. From Beit- Lahia 2000 individuals 2 to 15 years old were participated in the study. One stool sample was examined for the presence of ova and / or larvae of helminthes and protozoan parasites for each individuals. The parasitological methodsused in this studywhere the direct smear microscopy and formal- ether sedimentation technique. The present study showed that 700 individuals were infected with different types of intestinal parasites with a prevalence of 35%. the following parasites were detected. Ascaris lumbricoides ( 18.6% , Enterobius vermicularis ( 3.2% . Giardia lamblia ( 3.6% , Strongyloides stercoralis ( 0.9% , Entamoeba histolytica/dispar ( 2.6% , Hymenolepis nana ( 1.7% , mixed infection ( 4.4% , in addition to one, case of Trichuris trichura. It was found that 29.2% of infected persons were residing with a distance < 600 meters from sewage plants, while 37.8% of infected individuals were at a distance between 600-1200 meters and 39.7% were at a distance >1200 meters with a significant diffrernce ( p-0.003 . These unexpected results were attributed to the fact that most children prefere to play and move in more far and opened area and this is a true culture for children in our community, and the matter need more investigation. In both children either residing close or at different distances from sewage plant they were exposed to the parasitic infection. It is recmmended to remove these sewage plants and pools from the area of Bet-lahia to protect peoples.
|Series||Volume: 35, Number: 0|
|Publisher||Journal of Environmental Sciences|
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