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|Title||Household Water Balance is a Strategy toward Water Security: Abasan Al-Kabera as a Case Study|
|Title in Arabic||Household Water Balance is a Strategy toward Water Security: Abasan Al-Kabera as a Case Study|
Researchers adopt models prepared for the developed countries as solutions for environmental problems in countries lacking the technical and economic management of these models. In this study, a viable model at household level is adopted to reuse the grey water to contribute to the water balance. Abasan Al-Kabera is studied specifically due to its rural and urban characteristics. The model constitutes of rain water collection from rooftops and public buildings as well as graywater reuse in flashing the toilet while the surplus will be injected through the unit of rainwater. The total inflow to the aquifer from storm water accounted for 1,756,875 m3/year out of it 146,060 collected from the rooftops of public buildings and household rooftops while the recovery of greywater is 571,536 m3/year, additionally the estimated return flow from irrigation equals 506220 m3/year, resulted in total inflow of 2,483,256 m3/year. While the outflow components are domestic demand 738,895 m3/year and agricultural demand equals 1,687,400 m3/year assuming all the agricultural lands are planted according to the structural plan of Abasan, giving total outflow of 2,426,295. In conclusion the water balance is achieved, but it required to adopt proper storm water collection system in the level of household and from agricultural areas. Moreover the greywater treatment and reuse systems should be developed and enhanced to guarantee the quality of groundwater recharge.
|Published in||INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SMART CITIES SOLUTIONS|
|Publisher||The Islamic University of GAZA|
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