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|Title||There has been ongoing debate in business administration regarding the role of explanatory research and its limitations as a method. What is the problem with explanatory …|
There are many theories that have shaped the methodology of research in the field of business/public administration. These theories have different ways to generate knowledge in order to reach facts or to improve the understanding of our lives. All the theories believe that the main goal is to improve the performance of business/public administration. However, different scholars in the field have also the same different viewpoints about how to reach this goal. For instance, the Simon/Waldo contradictive views of handling the field of business/public administration reflect this rich variation. While Herbert Simon (1946) in the Administrative Behavior called for a scientific behavioral approach which puts aside the values to understand business/public administration, Dwight Waldo (1948) in The Administrative State affirmed that values cannot be removed from business/public administration because it is a matter of politics. According to White (1999), the explanatory research, since the early 1900s, has played a considerable role in the field as the scientific principles of administration. However, this approach has been criticized by many scholars in the field, since the late 1960s, because of its limitations, especially some assumptions that led to non-expected or to contradictory results in business/public administration.
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