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|Title||Transportation Planning Challenges in Developing Cities–A Practice from Rafah, Palestine|
This paper proposes a simplified traffic demand forecasting process based on CONTRAM model which mitigates challenges when applying the conventional travel demand forecasting process in cities of developing countries. These challenges are the absence of previous transportation planning studies, lack or absence of transportation data, unavailability of extensive amount of land use, socioeconomic, and demographic data and the lack of resources. The process consists of four stages. The first stage aims to establish preliminary base-year origin destination matrix based principally on origin-destination survey. The second stage is for base-year matrix estimation and calibration based on the results of stage I and traffic counts on intersections using CONTRAM. The third stage is targeted for future OD matrix forecasting and the fourth stage is for network development evaluation. A case study of Rafah Governorate in Gaza Strip was conducted. The studied area was divided into 21 zones. Traffic flow counts and road side interviews were carried out. An OD matrix was estimated for base year (2007) and for design year (2012). A comparison between do nothing scenario and a scenario of network developments and traffic management was conducted. The results show superiority of the development scenario to the do nothing scenario of queue time saving from 96.4 veh. hr to 13.3 veh. hr.
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