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|Title||Epidemiological Study of Injuries among Footballers in Gaza Strip|
The aim of this study is to investigate theextent of sport injury problem—that is, the first step inthe sequence of injury prevention. The specific objectives of this study are to determine: 1- Injury rate 2- Injury percentage 3- Mechanismof injury 4- Anatomical region of injury, type of injury andseverity of injury in the sport of football among football athletes in Gaza Strip. . The study took the form of a retrospective analysis of injuries.Information on injuries was collected from over 200 football athletes distributed in 8football teams by the use of a specificallydesigned questionnaire. A total of 206 questionnaires were administered, and 182 wereanswered, giving an overall response rate of 88.3%. (153/182) players sustainedinjuries during the season,with injury percentage of 84 %. A percentage of 62.1% of players sustained an injury of the right body part and 37.9% of the left body part. Some 57.5% of the players kicked with their right leg, 7.8% withtheir left leg, and 34.6% kicked with either leg. The lower extremity was the siteof 79.1% of the all injuries, whereas the Ankle was the most common injured location (24.8 %) followed by the knee (17.6%), the hamstring muscle(12.4%). Sprains (24.8%) and strains (23.5%) contusion (11.8%) and inflammation (11.1%) were the majorinjury types. The mostcommon injury was Ankle sprain, representing (20.9%) of all injuries followed by Hamstring muscle strain (11.7%), adductor strain and inflammation of the knee (7.8%) for each. (51%) were recurrent from old injury, while (49%) were new injuries. (57.5%) of injury were traumatic and (42.5%) were overused. The most common traumatic injuries were ligament sprain (23.9%), and contusion (20.5%). The most common overused injury was muscle strain (38.5%). Competition related injuries represented (52.3%) of those reported, while (47.7%) sustained in the training. Of all injuries the moderate injurywith absence of (8–27 days) accounted for (41.2%, minor severe (30.7%) and (28.1%) were major severe. The single most major injury of all injuries was fractures (8.5%) with more than 28 day absenteeism from participation. Most injury mechanisms were classified asbeing non-contact (64.7%), whereas twisting is the most common mechanism happened mainly in the competitions (21/153). Doctors (67/153) assessed mainly the player during the season, followed by coaches (27/153) and Physiotherapist (25/153). In conclusion; Professional footballers in Gaza Strip are exposedto a high risk of injury and there is a need to investigateways of reducing this risk. There is a significant risk of ankle and knee problems among the footballers of Gaza Strip. The high level of ligament sprains and muscle strains observed increases the importance of implementing effective fitness training programmes and in particular warming up and cooling down procedures for players. In general, this study concluded that there is a strong argument for the introduction of rehabilitation programmes at each stage of recovery and before a return to competition.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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