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|Title||Psychological Stress and Resilience among Parents of Autistic Children in Gaza Strip|
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) experience significant psychological stress and resilience. To date, little research has examined the relationship between resilience and psychological stress in parents with a child diagnosed with ASD. This study explored the links between resilience and psychological stress in a sample of 160 parents of children between the ages of 3 and 13 diagnosed with ASD. The Psychological Stress Scale, Resilience Scale, and demographic Information Sheet were used in this descriptive study. Results indicate that most parents experienced psychological stress (weight mean 78.47) and resilience (weight mean 63.57). Greater parent resilience was associated with lower levels of stress and vice versa. There is a statistical differences of the psychological stress’s level among mothers and fathers at significant level in favor of mothers. In addition, there is a statistical differences of the psychological stress’s level among working and non-working parents in favor of working parents at significant level. Also there is no statistical differences of the resilience level among parents due to age, gender, and occupation . Unexpectedly, higher levels of resilience present among parents with secondary school rather than university at significant level. This may suggest that educational level may act risk process for resilience, in sometimes rather than protective. While educational level has no significant difference of psychological stress’s level in parents of children with ASD. The findings of this study shed new light on the role of resilience on psychological stress in parents with a child diagnosed with ASD. Since the results of this study show that more resilient parents report less psychological stress clinicians need to focus on programming for parents that enhance key processes of resilience and reduce stress.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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