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|Title||Burden of Caregivers of Schizophrenic Individuals in Gaza Strip|
Care of schizophrenic patients is an enduring stress and leads to considerable amount of burden among caregivers. Numerous studies have demonstrated that family caregivers of persons with schizophrenia suffer from significant stresses, experience moderately high levels of burden, here in Gaza strip no such study conducted till date. The aim of the present study was to explore burden experienced by family caregivers of patients with schizophrenia and identify the differences in the level of burden due to the demographic characteristics of family caregivers, and the demographic characteristics of family members with schizophrenia. A descriptive, analytic, cross sectional design was used for the study. The sample comprised of 120 caregivers of schizophrenic patients selected from six governmental community mental health centers in GS, by using systematic random sampling. Caregivers were assessed from December 2012 until February 2013 by utilizing caregiver burden assessment scale that was developed by the researcher to assess the level of burden experienced by caregivers. Descriptive measures such as frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and inferential statistical included analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, LSD, T test and Person correlation coefficient test were employed to analyze the data; level of significance "p value" was ≥ 0.05. The result revealed that level of burden reported by caregivers of schizophrenic patients was high with relative weight (74.5%), and mean (87.2). the physical burden come first with relative weight 81.0%, thenfinancial burden and it's relative weight is 79.3%, the psychological burden was in third place with relative weight72.4%, social burden came last with relative weight of 68.3%. The majority of caregivers were females (68.1%), (63%) of patients were males. There were significant differences in level of burden, due to the following variables (level of education, occupation and monthly income of both patient and caregiver). Whereas the level of burden has no significant differences with patient's as well as caregiver's (age, sex duration of illness, period of care giving, and the relationship with the patient). Conclusion: Burdenof caregivers of schizophrenic patients was in high level and increased with caregiver’s low education, low monthly income and none workers. The findings could be used to develop strategies, and intervention to reduce distress or negative consequence in caring for persons with schizophrenia in Gaza strip. Keywords: schizophrenia, burden, caregivers.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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