Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title||Occurrence of Salmonella spp. in Hens Eggs and their Environment in Selected Farms in Gaza Strip|
Salmonellosis is one of the most common and widely distributed food-borne diseases. It constitutes a major public health burden and represents a significant cost in many countries. The presence of any serotype of Salmonella in food renders that food unfit for human consumption. Salmonella are known for its wide range host. It can cause variety of diseases in some hosts while in others, can be asymptomatic. Poultry and eggs are considered as major sources for these pathogenic microorganisms. Eggs produced locally under the existing conditions may present a hazard to consumers which may increase the spread of Salmonella in the environment. To investigate the occurrence of Salmonella, a total of 596 samples (100 egg pools, 88 feed samples, 320 chicken excreta and cloacal swabs and 88 water samples) were collected from 12 poultry farms in Gaza strip. Sampling program was executed between January and December 2007. Samples were tested at the Public Health Laboratory of Ministry of Health (MOH) in Gaza using standard laboratory methods - control Salmonella serotypes were used as a guide. Data was collected through direct interview and structured questionnaire, prepared by the researcher. The questionnaire was scrutinized and validated by academic and specialists at the Ministry of Agriculture and by the supervisors and applied on 12 poultry farms to evaluate the level of cleaning in certainGazastrip farms were answered by farms owner's. The study showed that egg pools, feed samples and water samples were negative for Salmonella spp., whereas one Salmonella spp. was isolated from chicken excreta pools from khan-Younis poultry farm. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in Gazainvestigating the occurrence of Salmonella spp. in eggs and environment in selected local egg production farms.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
|Files in this item|