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|Title||Salmonella spp. in Fresh and Frozen Meat in Gaza Strip|
Salmonellosis is one of the most common and widely distributed food-borne diseases. It constitutes a major public health burden and represents a significant cost in many countries. It can cause variety of diseases in some hosts while in others, can be asymptomatic. This research is a cross sectional design study conducted to estimate Salmonella prevalence in meat. To investigate the occurrence of Salmonella, a total of 150 samples in Gaza strip were collected. Sampling program was executed between March and May 2013. Samples were tested at the Public Health Laboratory of Ministry of Health (MOH) in Gaza using standard laboratory methods. A control Salmonella serotypes were used as a guide. The study showed that 11 (7.3%) of samples were positive for Salmonella. The study showed that fresh chicken, fresh minced meat, frozen minced meat, fresh meat and frozen meat were contaminated with salmonella; 13.3%, 10%, 6.7%, 3.3% and 3.3% respectively. In addition, it was found that samples collected from Khan Younis showed the highest Salmonella contamination (13.3%) and fresh chicken was of the most frequently contaminated with Salmonella. The study also showed that there was statistically significant correlation between sample type and the presence of S. aureus (p value=.002) and Coliform (p value=.029), but there was no statistically significant correlation between sample type and Total Plate Count (TPC) (p value=,117) and E. coli (p value=.246). The study showed that there was no statistically significant correlation between Governorate and Salmonella (p value=.365), TPC (p value=.626) and E. coli (p value=.167), but there was statistical significant between Governorate and S. aureus (p value=.014) and Coliform (p value=.011). The results also showed that there was statistically significance correlation between Salmonella and both TPC and S. aureus, while, there was no statistically significant correlation between Salmonella, and both Coliform and E. coli. According to these results, we recommend raising awareness among people dealing with meat and encouraging the adoption of good hygiene practice. Imposing and enacting laws and regulations regarding inspection and surveillance of meat and other food items. For research purposes it is recommended to carry out nation-wide similar studies to have national database about Salmonella.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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