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|Title||Assessment of Health and Safety Risk among Health Care Providers in European Gaza Hospital|
|Title in Arabic||تقييم مخاطر الصحة والسلامة بين مزودي الخدمات الصحية في مستشفى غزة الأوروبي|
It is widely acknowledged that health care providers are crucial components in healthcare system. In their roles, they are regularly confronted with a variety of physical, biological and ergonomic hazards during the course of performing their duties. The general objective of this study was to assess health and safety risks among health care providers working in European Gaza Hospital (EGH). The study utilized analytical cross sectional design. The study population consisted of 230 (125 nurses and 105 physicians) who are working in emergency department, operating room and intensive care unit. The researcher used a self-administered questionnaire. In total, 198 respondents completed the questionnaire with a response rate of 86.08%. SPSS version 20 was used for data analysis. Face, content and criterion related validity were done. Reliability testing was done by using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient was very good (0.809) and internal consistency of the questionnaire items was done as well. The results showed that the highest physical risk among physicians and nurses is the absence of signs that should be applied on the wet ground as documented by 39.9% which constitute a high risk. Among the biological risks, 24.7% of health care providers reported that the unavailability of infection preventive measures such as gloves; head cap, closed shoes and work suit constitute an extreme level biological risk. Regarding ergonomic risks, the majority (64.1%) of health care providers reported that long standing during the work is a high ergonomic risk. The results of this study showed that there is no significant association between the risk of physical and biological risks and the (ward, gender, age group, experience and qualification) at European Gaza hospital (p>0.05), while there is a significant association between physical and biological risks and the type of health care providers at EGH (p=0.05). Moreover, there is no significant association between the risk of ergonomic risks and the (ward, gender, age group, experience, qualification and type of health care provider). On the other hand, the results showed that the total mean percentage of the knowledge regarding health and safety during the work of health care providers is 60.2%. The results of this study concluded that there is a lack of formal on-the-job training for health care providers regarding health and safety risks recognition and avoidance strategies.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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