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|Title||Evaluation the Effect of Ectomycorrhizal Fungi on Prunus cerasifera x salicina Growth Compared with Chemical and Organic Fertilizer|
|Title in Arabic||فحص تأثيرات الفطريات المتكافئة خارجيا على نمو نبات السنطروزة المركبة عل الموربيلان مقارنة مع السماد الكيميائي والكمبوست|
Biofertilizer has been identified as an alternative to chemical fertilizer to increase soil fertility and crop production in sustainable farming. The use of biofertilizer is steadily increased in agriculture and offers an attractive way to replace chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and supplements. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of local Ectomycorrhizal fungi isolated from the roots of some plants, on growth of Prunus cerasifera x salicina under greenhouse conditions. The impact of symbiotic fungus on the plant growth was measured by comparing the inoculated plants, with control plants and plants treated with chemical fertilizer and compost. The fungus isolated from Prunus cerasifera (myrobalan) roots in PDA media, and obtaining pure cultures. 50 plants were grown 10 for each parameter as follow: "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil without fungus and fertilizer (control). "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil was fertilized fungus isolated "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil was fertilized chemical fertilizers without fungus. "10" seedlings planted in sterile soil 50% and 50% compost. "10" seedlings planted in 100% compost. Our results show a positive influence of the Ectomycorrhizal fungi on the growth of Prunus cerasifera x salicina seedling compared with control, chemical fertilizer and compost, in all growth parameters Number of Leaf (NL), Number of branch (NB), Stem Length (SL), Root Length (RL), Wet weight of Stem (WWS), Wet weight of Root (WWR), Dry weight of Stem (DWS), Dry weight of Root (DWR) and Root Length (RL), after incubated in the green house for four months. We conclude that the use of Ectomycorrhizal fungi gives positive influence on the growth of plant. According to these results we strongly recommend the use of symbiotic fungi as total or partial substitute of other fertilizer.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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