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|Title||Environmentally Sound Production of Charcoal from Plant Leaves|
|Title in Arabic||الانتاج الامن بيئا للفحم من اوراق النباتات|
The aims of this study are to perform a techno-economic assessment of production of charcoal from agricultural waste in Gaza Strip. The methodology of the work based on collecting the plant leaves (Olive, Ficus B, Ficus E and Guava), drying and Crushing. The powder was bound together in different forms using starch gel and grounding machine. These powdered forms will be pyrolized in oxygen poor environment to produced the charcoal forms. The quality of charcoal will be tested by calorie metric determination to determine the amount of calories/gram powder. The physical and chemical properties of the powered leaves will be evaluated. Burning time was taken as indicator of energy production. The generated CO, CO2 were taken as indicator environmental sound process. The exhaust gas were transferred to alkaline solution of 0.01- 0.1 molar to produce an organic fertilizer. The results showed that the bulk density and moisture contents were high in Guava and zena small powder and the nutrient production from charcoal were high (Nitrate and sulfate) from zena small and Olive leaves however pH follows the same sequence of nitrate and sulfate production. CO production follows Linear mode in all cases and CO2 production follows conical from. Burning time was high in Olive and Guava charcoal. The interesting outcome of the study is that charcoal can be produced from plant leaves, and nutrient production indicator possible formation issues of this study is that productions of charcoal and nutrient were environmentally sound, and can be economically feasible.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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