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|Title||Vitamin A Status among Malnourished Children under 5 Years Old Attending Ard El-Insan Association in Gaza City|
|Title in Arabic||مستوى فيتامين ا لدى الاطفال تحت 5 سنوات المصابين بسوء التغذية و يترددون على جمعية ارض الانسان في مدينة غزة|
Background : Malnutrition in children often begins at birth and is associated with retarded physical and cognitive development. Vitamin A is a fat soluble vitamin and an essential micronutrient needed in small amounts for the normal functioning of the visual system, maintenance of cell function for growth, epithelial integrity, red blood cell production, immunity and reproduction. Objective : To investigate vitamin A status among malnourished children aged under 5 years attending Ard El-Insan Association. Methodology: This cross sectional study consisted of 150 malnourished children under 5 years old from both sexes. Questionnaire interview with parents was used. Anthropometric measurements (weight, length and height) were taken. Blood samples were drawn for determination of serum vitamin A, iron, zinc and Hb. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 18.0. Results : The study population was (150) cases; (53.3%) males and (46.7%) females. The majority of surveyed children (90.7%) received immediate breastfeeding, and more than two third (71.3%) of them were breast fed exclusively. Vitamin A status among malnourished children showed (26%) of them had serum vitamin A level below (300) μg/L. There were insignificant associations between gender, source of income, monthly income with serum vitamin A level. In contrast, there was a significant association between degree of W//A with serum vitamin A level . In addition, there was a significant association between birth weight with serum vitamin A level. The majority of surveyed children (82.7%) had low level of hemoglobin (Hb<11). Also (29%) of the participants in the study who were anemic, their serum vitamin A level was below normal. Conclusions and Recommendations : The present study provided base line information regarding malnutrition among children under 5 years old in Gaza city. Interventions to improve children nutritional status must be in concern. Raising the level of nutritional knowledge among health professionals and their staff on the health of children and the need for clinical nutritionist to be present within the follow-up group for malnourished children is required. Key words : Vitamin A status, anthropometric measurements, malnutrition, children under 5 years old, Gaza city.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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