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|Title||Relationship between Mental Health and Self Esteem among Mothers of Children with Mental Disability in Gaza Governorates|
The overall aim of this study is to understand the relationship between self esteem and mental health among mothers of children with mental disabilities, to determine the level of self esteem and the level of mental health, and to explore the effect of some socio-demographic variables, such as mothers educational level, mothers chronological ages, children chronological ages, and children gender, on the level of self esteem among mothers. It is analytical descriptive study for 165 mothers of children with mental disabilities in three local nongovernmental societies, Khan younis rehabilitation society, Shamis society for care of the handicapped inGazatown and Nuseirat social and training rehabilitation association. Self esteem tools were used to measure self esteem, and SCL-90-R was used to measure mental health. The results revealed low level of mental health among mothers of children with mental disability (29.07%) and high level of self esteem (60.81%), and the total level of psychological symptoms is (71.93%). The current results indicate that there are various factors that play positively in improving self esteem level among mothers of children with mental disability as culture, family support, spiritual support, and social support. Also, shows that the correlation coefficient between the level of mental health among mothers of children with mental disability and their level of self esteem equals –0.706 and the p-value (Sig.) equals 0.000. The p-value (Sig.) is less than 0.05, so the correlation coefficient is statistically significant at α = 0.05, We conclude there exists a significant negative relationship between the level of mental health among mothers of children with mental disability and their level of self esteem and showed that there is significant difference among the respondents regarding to these fields due to Education level of mother. Conclusions of the study are that the respondents’ Education level of mother has significant effect on these fields. Preparatory and less respondents have higher than other Education level of mother group, The study highlighted the importance of establishing a comprehensive awareness program at various sectors such as schools, universities, and other local community organizations. Added to that, improvements that appear on the abilities of their children with Mental disabilities reflect positively on the adaptation and well-being of mothers and other family members, thus low psycho-pathological symptoms appeared on mothers and families of children with Mental disability.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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