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|Title||The Ideological Issues in Al Hadeed Surah, A comparative study between As-Salaf and the Mukallimeen|
|Title in Arabic||قضايا العقيدة في سورة الحديد دراسة مقارنة بين السلف والمتكلمين|
Verily, all praise is for Allah; we praise Him, seek His help, ask for His forgiveness believe in him and put our trust on him. And may Allah’s peace and blessings be upon His Messenger Muhammad, whom Allah sent as a mercy to the world, and upon his family and companions. To proceed: Anyone who ponder over the Noble Quran verses will find out the great attention paid to consolidating the true faith. In fact, every Surah in the Noble Quran has paid attention to the Islamic creed issues. One of these Surahs is Surat Al-Hadid, which includes many aspects of the Islamic creed. This study tackles those aspects depending on the comparative, descriptive, and analytical approaches. The study relied upon the sources of Tafseer, interpretation, and Aqeedah, creed. The study traced the creed issues mentioned in Surat Al-Hadid, analyzed them in accordance with the school of As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars) methods, and compared them with the opinions of the school of Mukallimeen including Mu'tazilite and Ash'aris. The study has been divided into an introduction, preface, and three chapters. The introduction included the research importance, its rationale, the research's topic objectives, previous studies, methodology, methods, and the research plan. The preface included the name of the Surah and its rationale, the number of its verses, its classification (Makki or Madani), and the most important Creed's topics addressed in Al-Hadid Surah. The preface also introduced As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars), and the Mukallimeen (Mu'tazilite and Ash'aris). The first chapter included the definition of Tawheed, and introduced its divisions, fruits and Noaqdah (nullifiers). The second chapter tackled the issues of prophets and Holy Books. The third chapter presented the issues of the Final Day, and fate and destiny. The study concludes the most important findings and recommendations including the following: 1- Mu'tazilite disagreed with As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars) in terms of faith foundations. They considered them five foundations consisting of: justice, unification, promise and intimidation, a status between two statuses and the enjoinment of Al-Ma'ruf (the right) and the forbidding Al-Munkar (the wrong). They made a void meaning for each of these foundations in which they disagreed with the method of As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars). 2- Ash'aris disagreed with As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars) in many creed's issues, the most significant of them are: proofing only the manners of seven meanings, depending on mind in terms of creed's issues and having one meaning for both God and Lord. 3- One is not a true believer unless he believes in Al-Qadar (destiny) and its divisions which are: knowledge, writing, willingness and creation. Recommendations: 1- The need for paying attention to the true Creed's issues in terms of academic levels and preaching. 2- The need for studying Creed's issues within all Qura'n Suras comparing between As-Salaf (ancestors of companions and their followers from Muslim scholars) and other dissented views through the books of Quran's interpretations so that, the learners of Quran realize the errors existed in the books of Quran's interpretations and to be aware of them. 3- It is recommended to make an independent course for teaching the true Islamic Creed because it is better to comprehend and apply the Islamic Creed.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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