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|Title||Effect of Work Characteristics on Motivation and Job Satisfaction for Self-Employed: A Case Study on IT E-Lancers in Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||أثر خصائص العمل على الدافعية والرضا الوظيفي للعاملين بشكل حر: دراسة حالة على العاملين بشكل حر عبر الإنترنت في مجال تكنولوجيا المعلومات في قطاع غزة|
The study aims to evaluate the impact of the work characteristics on the motivation and job satisfaction for the self-employed, as well as to identify their level of perceptions on the work characteristics, their level of motivation and job satisfaction. The study uses the descriptive analytical approach to achieve its goals. The study population consists of the IT E-Lancers in Gaza Strip where an web survey has been done through the internet as the survey was used as a key tool in data collection. The researcher uses the appropriate descriptive statistics and the parametric statistics to analyze the data. The study shows that the IT E-Lancers in Gaza Strip level of perceptions on the work characteristics is high by (85.5%), their motivation is increased by (87.07%) and their job satisfaction level is (78.18%). It also shows that there is a statistically significant relation between the motivation and the work characteristics and between the job satisfaction and the work characteristics. The results of the regression analysis also shows that the work characteristics affect the motivation and the job satisfaction among IT E-Lancers in Gaza Strip. Given to these results, the study recommends the need to interesting IT incubators in E-Lance field, and recommends that the universities should provide the students with the necessary modern technical skills to be able to compete in the global market. Also, it recommends the need to develop IT E-Lancers their personal and managerial skills, and gain new skills in the same specialty through self-learning and training, and strengthen them English language levels, Likewise, the study recommends the government, higher education institutions, and NGOs to spread the culture of self-employment and finding a job through the internet in Gaza Strip, and working on establishment of a union body interesting of E-Lancers issues in Palestine.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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