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|Title||Exploring Ergonomics Application in Hospitals Planning and Design Projects in Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||تطبيق هندسة العوامل البشرية في مشاريع تخطيط وتصميم المستشفيات في قطاع غزة|
Purpose: The purpose of this research study was to explore ergonomics application in hospitals planning and design projects in Gaza Strip in Palestine, in order to improve safety, health, and performance of healthcare providers. Four objectives have been outlined which includes: (i) to assess the awareness level of architectural hospitals planners and designers about ergonomics design factors in hospitals planning and design projects, according to their importance and application; (ii) to identify the benefits of ergonomics application in hospitals planning and design projects; (iii) to investigate the barriers those face ergonomics application in hospitals planning and design projects; and (iv) to evaluate ergonomics application in the existence Gaza city hospitals from the perspective of healthcare providers. Methodology: A quantitative survey was used in this research. Two questionnaires were used that were: (i) hospitals planners and designers questionnaire (snowball sample, 32 respondents); and (ii) healthcare providers questionnaire (cluster sample, 392 respondents). Collected data have been analyzed using the quantitative data analysis techniques through the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) IBM version 20. Findings: The results from hospitals planners and designers questionnaire revealed that the awareness level of hospitals planners and designers about the importance of ergonomics design factors is extremely high. Ergonomics design factors are often applied in hospitals planning and design projects. The study findings revealed that ergonomics application benefits are significantly valuable for patients, healthcare providers, and hospitals management, respectively. The most valuable benefit is rapid healthcare services introducing to patients. Ergonomics barriers are greatly affecting the application of ergonomics design factors in hospitals planning and design projects in Gaza Strip. The top barrier for ergonomics application is the existence of hospital buildings that need expanding. The results from healthcare providers’ questionnaire indicated that most of healthcare providers encountered difficulties during their work through some hospitals’ spaces. In addition, the surveyed healthcare providers have neutral opinion about the situation of ergonomics design factors application in the existence hospitals in Gaza. Recommendations: The research study recommended to prepare guidelines for hospitals design standards with ergonomics considerations, prepare a master ergonomics program for hospitals buildings in Gaza Strip, rehabilitate the existence hospitals in Gaza Strip with ergonomics concept, and train and educate hospitals planners and designers on ergonomics application methods and strategies.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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