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|Title||Provisions of Infrastructure for Low-Cost Housing Developments|
Infrastructure is an important factor influencing the cost of housing, in addition to being an essential element for healthy living environment. Therefore, it should be provided in adequate manner at low cost for the life basic needs of residents. The research in this thesis includes the development of an approach for providing low-cost housing (LCH) in Gaza Strip with basic infrastructure at low cost such that not to increase the cost of housing. The infrastructure for low-cost housing has been classified to include two categories; the basic infrastructure components (BICs) and the supportive infrastructure components (SICs). The BICs have been determined to include seven basic components which are (1) water supply, (2) sewerage system (wastewater collection), (3) wastewater treatment and disposal or reuse, (4) power supply and security lighting, (5) access and paving, (6) stormwater drainage and (7) telephone lines. The SICs involve facilities such as (1) Parks and green spaces, (2) Schools, (3) Health centre, (4) Mosque, (5) Public market and (6) Public services. An approach has been developed for the provisions of the basic infrastructure components (BICs) for LCH through five phases. The first phase includes designation of the seven components and the main bases of provisions. The second phase proposes an institutional setup. The third phase involves the determination of minimum requirements of provisions of the seven BICs and includes seven parts. Each part is specified for the provision of one component and includes three activities. The fourth phase, introduces management option for operation and maintenance (O&M). Finally, the fifth phase proposes financing and cost recovery arrangements for construction and O&M. Applicability and practicality of the developed approach in the real life has been examined successfully by applying it to a selected low-cost housing project in Gaza Strip as a case study. The most suitable case study has been selected from five housing developments executed by official housing institutions, using the scoring method as a simple decision making tool. Specific conclusions have been derived about the main two categories of infrastructure, their components and characteristics. Recommendations have also been suggested for the stakeholders working in the fields of LCH, infrastructure and research. It is proposed that the developed approach is used as a guiding document by relevant decision makers of planning, design, financing and management of the low-cost housing. It is also recommended that the developed approach be a part of the future Palestinian housing strategy.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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