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|Title||Rehabilitation Needs for Existing Buildings In Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||احتياجات تاهيل المباني القائمة في قطاع غزة|
The undertaken research work includes the development of a new approach for assessment of the rehabilitation needs for existing buildings that is suitable for use in Gaza Strip. The approach is simple, straightforward and cost effective. It is directed to the main types of damage in Gaza Strip, and can be used for all assessment requests. Although it can be implemented by a small team from various institutions with various technical backgrounds, it complies with the latest development in the worldwide rehabilitation standards. The approach has been developed after revision of international assessment approaches, especially the American and European approaches. Also local assessment practice has been evaluated in addition to a survey of the encountered damages in Gaza Strip that enabled identifying, grouping, and classifying such damages. The approach uses a planned regime of inspection and testing with efforts proportional to the cause, type, and extent of damage. It consists of three routes for assessment based on the damage extent. Route 1: Excessive Damage, Route 2: Minor Defects and Route 3: Moderate Damage. The routes consist of steps having several activities which have several tasks. The results from the undertaken research work have shown that damages in existing buildings in Gaza Strip are mainly due to environmental conditions which resulted in deterioration of concrete and corrosion of steel reinforcement. Also other damages are associated with design and construction errors, poor quality concrete, fire accidentsand Israeli military attacks. The developed assessment approach has been implemented considering nine real life case studies with various assessment causes, damage types and extents. The approach has proved its suitability for use in Gaza Strip and showed that if it was applied to previously assessed cases, different results would have been expected with more rational and economical solutions.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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