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|Title||Assessment of Procurement System of Municipalities in Gaza Strip|
The one investigating the Municipalities' status and the level of performance of their sections and departments, through the services delivery levels, will obviously and beyond doubt observe that those municipalities are not enjoying any kind of integrated administrative nor legal systems necessary to support its service delivery nor its mission. Furthermore, it is noticed that any changes to the municipal higher administrative team will severely impact the municipality impeding its performance in its mission and service delivery for a significantly long period time. Therefore, the researcher outlined a conception for an important tool of project management in the municipalities which is the Procurement and Contracts Department. Comprehensive conception was proposed detailing the procurement legislations and separating it from the guidelines or other systems organizing the municipalities' departments and sections work. During this research, all the available procurement legislations used within the municipalities, which were emanated as part of the municipal law and the Ministry of Local Government, were studied, considering that projects development and procurement issues are not only important parts of the mission and duties given to the municipalities but also an additional reason of its creation. The used procedures and guidelines which clarify and make the laws applicable and practicable by the municipal employees were also studied in the research. The research, also clarified and highlighted the fundamentals necessary for establishing and developing sound and proper procurement laws. Also the research brought up a method of measuring the legal and administrative shortcoming and gaps, in the Municipalities, through developing questionnaires to collect data from the municipality employees regarding procurement issues. The questionnaire comprised of seven parts; each part dealing with one fundamental of the procurement law. Statistical software was used to compile and statistically analyze the data collected through the questionnaires. A number of statistical tests were applied to test the correlation of the data in order to discover the extent to which the municipality's employees understand the used legislation and guidelines regarding procurement issues. The research has proven that many of the procurement fundamentals are not applied in the municipalities. This shortcoming is attributed to the lack of a sound procurement system that satisfies the needs of Clients, suppliers and Contractors. Another reason for this shortcoming is the absence of an integrated administrative system with defined duties to enable the concerned persons to develop and update the applied procurement system based on the past experience and the market needs. On the other hand, the research has proven that procurement laws and bylaws do exist and are used by municipality's employees but these laws and bylaws are scattered, incomplete and not enough for sound and proper procurement practices. One of the most important recommendations of the researcher is the necessity to develop a comprehensive procurement law, emanating out of it a number of acts or guidelines satisfying the needs of the contracting authorities, contractors, consultants and suppliers. The establishment and development of an administrative system, able and capable of applying, developing and updating these procurement laws, guidelines and specifications in order to maintain proper applications and accommodate for any future developments in procurement, project management and related businesses and industries, is also a necessity.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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