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|Title||The Applicability of Lean Construction in the Gaza Strip Construction Industry|
|Title in Arabic||إمكانية تطبيق نظام المخطط الأخير في المشاريع الإنشائية بقطاع غزة|
Lean construction is considered one of the newest research areas that are adopted in construction industry. It is defined as a continuous process of eliminating waste, increasing value, and meeting or exceeding customer requirements. Reducing the wastes in process, time and costs, and maximizing the value added are considered a crucial strategy to be implemented in construction projects. This practice is applicable throughout the lean construction principle. The aim of this research is to improve and enhance the awareness and understanding of the applicability of lean concept in the Gaza construction industry. The objectives of this research are to investigate the key factors supporting the applicability of lean concepts in construction projects, identify the challenges of lean construction principles, and to investigate the proper tools/techniques that can be conducted effectively in lean construction. This research relied principally on analytical, descriptive and field study methodologies. The first approach is by reviewing the studies and literatures in this area. The second approach was a questionnaire which targeted the construction industry companies. A questionnaire was applied on a sample of 92 contracting companies. Collected data was analyzed and results were illustrated. The results showed that the team work and leadership management are the main factors that affect the applicability of lean construction principles in the Gaza strip. Concurrent engineering processes with integrating engineering aspects during each stage of work, comprehensive and continuous productive maintenance for all equipment by expert team, and Just In Time tools are considered the most important tools that will support lean construction adaptation. The study recommended that high collaboration and strong relationship between labors and top management should be exerted to enhance and develop the lean construction implementation. Contractors are recommended to keep continuous development and learning from the previous projects that they completed. Clients are recommended to start injecting mandatory clause in the contract that supports Lean construction.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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