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|Title||Studying and Planning for a Metro System in the Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||دراسة وتخطيط نظام مترو الانفاق في قطاع غزة|
This work aims at studying and planning for establishing a metro network in the Gaza Strip as a strategic trend and solution in order to overcome current and future transportation challenges. A wide literature review of previous studies and efforts that analyzed the public transportation situation in Palestine. It investigated the planning process of establishing metro networks for new areas. The author has reviewed public transportation systems and demand in the Gaza Strip through studying transportation movements and layout and analyzing the road networks in the Gaza Strip. In addition, the thesis studied basic requirements for establishing and running the metro system and its characteristics. The research is based upon a wide data research from the most viable sources. Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Multi-Criteria Decision Making methods (MCDM), and Expert Systems (ES) have extensively been used in solving metro components sites selection problems. The planning process in this thesis mainly involves identifying the optimal locations for the main components of the system, which are (1) Stations (end and intermediate stations) and (2) the best optimized route. The locations of such components can be classified as the best ones, if they satisfy certain criteria such as engineering, environmental, economic, social, and institutional requirements. In other words, the location that reduces cost, has less impact on the environment, and can be used without any construction or engineering constraints is the favourable one. The results show that 3 end stations have been chosen to be the origin and destination stations. It also shows that the total proposed metro line length is 51, 759 Km. It covers all the Gaza Strip Governorates. 57 metro stations have been chosen and distributed along the proposed metro route which is branched into two routes starting from Deir Albalah and reaching the two destinations in South Gaza. It also serves the most important intersections and vital places in the Gaza Strip Governorates. The study has concluded that Metro system could be a strategic national project for developing the frame work of public transportation systems in Palestine. It also connects the Gaza Strip with the West Bank and serves the regional connection of the Gaza Strip as a part of the national strategy towards developing the infrastructure in Palestine.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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