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|Title||Investigating the Structural Concrete Design Profession in Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||دراسة مهنة التصميم الانشائي الخرساني في قطاع غزة|
Engineers work in public and private sectors after graduation. Promotion in their ranks and professional responsibilities is not subject to achievement of accredited qualifications. Engineers are not distinguished from their colleagues in the same specialty on the basis of skills and knowledge gained during their professional career. Since the engineering profession requires a high level of skills, engineers need to undergo special training programs and subjected to professional evaluations. These evaluations escalate in their requirements according to an engineer’s professional advancement and experience gained. As engineers gain more experience in a specific engineering specialty, they become experts in that specific field. The practice of structural engineering has a unique significant role relative to other design disciplines. Architectural, mechanical, and electrical system failures usually result in unattractiveness, poor functionality, discomfort, and/or inconvenience. A structural system failure almost always has more serious consequences; even in the best cases, there are often substantial costs associated with correcting what is or could become a life-threatening situation. This particular the study aims at assessing the current professional situation of "Structural Design Engineers" and "Design Reviewers" in Gaza strip, and identifying the role of related parties, and perusing international expertise in the qualification fields in order to devise a suitable systematic national qualification procedure, in addition to comparing the review process required for approving structural design documents in Gaza Strip case with those adopted in other countries. It is expected that this study will contribute to generate a national professional engineering base in the field structural design. It is also anticipated that it would result in the establishment of national training and qualifying facilities to meet qualification requirements. It will also lead to upgrade structural design engineers' and structural reviewers' skills who work in the municipalities and Engineering Association auditing committees. The results indicated that most of engineers who work in structural design filed suppose the following: There is an impact of university study on the structural concrete designer, the necessary of training and development policies availability for the structural concrete designer in the field of structural design, specifying and restricting educational and practical qualifications to practice the profession of structural designer. Also the VI results indicated in regarding to evaluation of structural design auditing process in Gaza Strip that: One structural design reviewer in the auditing committee to review the structural plans is insufficient, specifying educational and practical qualifications to practice the profession of structural design reviewer, The importance of providing calculation sheet for auditing illustrates the used design code and design theory by the structural designer. This study recommends conducting statistical information on the structural designer engineers in Palestine (numbers, ages, experience, skills, etc…..), setting qualification requirements for structural designers' engineers based on the prevailing condition in Gaza strip, examining the adequacy of ACI code for local situation, and conduct training and education programs to the structural designer engineers to improve their skills in the field of structural design, conducting training and education programs for structural designer engineers' to improve their skills.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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