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|Title||Feasibility of Land Reclamation using Construction Waste in Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||جدوى طمر مساحات من البحر باستخدام ركام المباني في قطاع غزة|
Abstract The world experience rapidly growing in population density and lack of areas especially coastal areas which is considered the most vital, economic and cultural areas around the world. This force the experts investigating different suggestions such as sea reclamation and its exploitation for many goals. Gaza Strip is considered one of the most densely area in the world. Where the population is nearly 2 million inhabitants by 2016 while the area is 365 km2. This reflects on the availability of lands in the future that will raise the lands prices. Moreover, the existing fishing harbor constructed in 1994 – 1998 period has locally disturbed the coastal erosion and sedimentation pattern and resulting in sand erosion problems. On the other hand, two million ton of debris have been accumulated in the last aggression on Gaza Strip in 2014. This massive volume of concrete rubble is considered huge burden on the landfills in the Gaza Strip which are already overloaded. In this study, an investigation of the best way to dispose these debris by land reclamation in Gaza Strip. The aim of this study is to suggest solutions of the existing Gaza fishing harbor problems and to present the possibility of using construction wastes in land reclamation in Gaza. In this study, it is proposed to relocate the construction features of the Gaza fishing port for better sediment transport and hydraulic conditions. So the study methodology started with estimation the construction waste quantity resulted from 2014 aggression, then ensuring its testing results, specifications and possibility of using it in land reclamation. Also, the existing Gaza fishing port sediment transportation and features were studied and its bathymetry was identified. Based on that, the new proposed reclaimed area was identified in west of the existing western breakwater at Gaza fishing port and its area was estimated according to estimation the quantity of debris resulted from removing the existing breakwaters in addition to construction wastes resulted from 2014 aggression. The total estimated quantity of available debris is about one million m3 which adequate to reclaim about 114.25 dunums. However, the new reclaimed area should be surrounded by sheet piles, so the sheet pile type is assumed to be PZC 28 and finally the total cost of the proposed reclaimed area was estimated as 130$US of one square meter of reclaimed area. Finally, to facilitate transportation and movement through this reclaimed area, the bridge is recommended to construct. Based on this result, the cost of sea reclamation is very feasible especially that Gaza fishery seaport is very vital and important place which will be as a fishery port for recreational activities.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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