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|Title||A Study of Lean Construction Practices in Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||دراسة تطبيق البناء السلس في قطاع غزة|
This research deals with the problem of waste in time, materials, resources and achievement of customer needs. This study has been applied to a contracting company in the construction of a project located inGAZA. The main objective of this study is to apply the principles of lean to the construction in the Gaza Strip. The mechanism of research implementation consists of two stages: Stage one: Theoretical study of various Arabic and English references and Master researches from the Islamic University, studies that deal with the waste and the problem of contractors’ performance. The criteria that have been derived can be applied to construction projects in the Gaza Strip. Stage two: The methodology of applying lean construction was represented in 10 points, the standardization tools and the five why tools as described in the current study in order to achieve the lean construction in reducing the activity and steps, thus minimizing the duration by the elimination of the non-value added process in the activity by using arena simulation. The study of the project has been implemented in theGazastrip because of the lack of projects under construction due to the situation in the Gaza Strip. The data of the project was taken from the daily reports. These reports showed the duration and steps of the process for executing the project. Measuring the value and the non-value added in the process that used standardization tools and showed the cause of waste by using the five why tools. Consequently, defining solution to deal with them. Using simulation was to measure the effect of non-value added on each process in the project. Results showed that using lean construction reduced the number of steps in the whole project by 57%. The non-value added decreased from 81% to 14% in the duration of the project. The total cycle time of the project was reduced by 75%. Lean construction is new in the field of construction in the world in general and in the Arab countries in particular. After proving the potential of applying lean, the focus should be on obstacles of lean implementation.
|Publisher||the islamic university|
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