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|Title||Resource Allocation in OFDM-Based Cognitive Two-Way Relay Networks|
Cognitive radio (CR), nowadays, is considered as one of the most promising techniques which introduce the ﬂexible usage of radio spectrum and improve the spectral efficiency by enabling unlicensed users to exploit the licensed spectrum in an opportunistic manner. Moreover, the two-way relay communication has attracted a great attention as it introduces a relaying scheme with a bidirectional transmission to exchange information between two nodes. This strategy assumed to improve the overall capacity, since less time slots are needed than the one-way strategy, besides extending the radio coverage range of networks. Another common technique that improves the bandwidth efficiency and spectrum utilization is the orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) technique which exhibits a distinctive efficiency in mitigating inter-symbol interference (ISI) and combating frequency selective fading. Therefore, two-way relay CR communication among OFDM terminals can take advantage of these three techniques to boost up the capacity together with the networks quality. In this thesis, an OFDM-based amplify and forward (AF), cognitive two-way multiple-relay network is considered where two transceiver nodes exchange information via relay nodes. The full transmission happens in two time slots. In the first time slot, multiple access phase (MA), the transceiver nodes send their signals to the relay nodes while in the second time slot, broadcast phase (BC), the relay nodes broadcast the received signals to the transceivers. In this dissertation, the problem to jointly optimize the network resources is considered. The first is the transmission power of transceivers and relay nodes to ensure suitable allocated power for best signals transmission besides ensuring no harmful interference is caused to the primary system. The other important resource to be optimized is the subcarrier pairing where the first and second time slots subcarriers have to be matched such that the subcarriers with the best conditions is reserved. The final tuned resource, in this work, is the relay selection where the relay node that assures the best transition of the received signal is selected. The dual decomposition technique is applied to get the optimal resource allocation. Moreover, suboptimal algorithms are proposed to perform the resource allocation reducing, significantly, the computational complexity compared with the optimal solution with small performance degradation. Finally, simulation results of the suggested AF OFDM cognitive relaying network are shown to compare the performance gain of the different algorithms which reveals that the proposed suboptimal algorithm achieves good performance with much less computational complexity than the optimal one.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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