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|Title||Public Transportation Demand and Elasticity Appraisal between Gaza Strip Governorates|
Transportation sector plays an essential and important role in industrial and developing countries. In spite of the variation in the level of progress and technology, the transfer of people and goods is a necessary requirement. Therefore, the transport sector must be managed as one body and main element and must be taken into consideration in any development plan in the future. The public transportation sector in Gaza Strip suffers in general from deregulation and the absence of enforcement on the ground in many aspects. For that reason, this study aims to find out the relationship between the public transport demand and the factors affecting it. This will help in appraising of existing and future public transportation. The major objectives of this research are to develop a ridership demand model and evaluate and test some factors that have significant impact on elasticities of passenger demand. The study area was Gaza strip Governorates; North Gaza, Gaza, Middle Area, Khanyounis and Rafah. Fourteen external bus routes were studied. The related data needed was obtained based on a field survey, reviewing related studies at the local and international levels, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Ministry of Transport (MOT) and Ministry of Higher Education (MOHE). A mathematical equation for bus ridership demand was developed. The statistical analysis of the model was run using multiple linear regression software. The independent variables in the model were classified into external and internal ones. The external variables included employment percent, students percent, monthly expenditure of family and the number of private cars in both origin and destination governorates. The internal variables included trip length, travel time and bus fare. The correlation coefficient of the recommended model (R2) was 0.997. Public transportation ridership behavior information was collected by using a questionnaire for bus riders and shared taxi riders. The sampling size was 400. The questionnaire includes questions regarding personal characteristics of the riders, about the trip and concerning changing mode preference for a change in bus fare or total trip time. The results of analysis of the questionnaire showed that the elasticity of the bus ridership demand towards the bus fare change and total trip time change were estimated to be – 2.23 & - 0.29 respectively. The shared taxi elasticity of the riders towards the bus fare change and total trip time change were estimated to be 0.23 & 0.22 respectively. The results revealed that students and employees were the most sensitive to mode change. This is because they make daily trips and try to save money. The results of this research can be used in assessing the existing and future public transportation.
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية - غزة|
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