Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title||The Zionist siege and its environmental consequences in the Gaza Strip|
|Title in Arabic||الحصار الصهيوني وآثاره البيئية في قطاع غزة|
Since June 2007, the Zionist entity has imposed a complete and total siege on the Gaza Strip, which has a population of about 1.5 million. Since the beginning of 2008, the siege has tighted to the detriment and suffering of all sectors of the Palestinian society living in the Gaza Strip, without exception. The siege involved a tight closure of all crossings and a reduction or ban on all energy supplies including cooking gas and electricity. Entry of necessary supplies for health care, water, sanitation, disposal of solid wastes, and fishing equipment has been denied and consequently the population of Gaza has been forced to endure living conditions that are not found elsewhere in the world. This paper describes the environmental consequences suffered by the population of the Gaza strip as a result of the siege. The paper is based on observations, field visits and literature reviews concerning the environmental conditions in the Gaza Strip. The study has determined that the siege has led to dangerous environmental hazards, foremost the following: 1. The intensive use of cooking oil as a car fuel, which resulted in the emission of offensive odors and toxic gases that may include some carcinogenic compound such as Acrolein. 2. The pollution of groundwater, traditionally the sole source of water in the Gaza Strip, with nitrates, chlorides and other biological pathogens, constituting a danger to the health of citizens, especially children. 3. The decreased efficiency of wastewater treatment plants in the Gaza Strip. This resulted in the disposal of most wastewater produced into the marine environment, causing its deterioration. 4. The accumulation of solid wastes in their collection sites. This resulted in the spread of random landfills, the infestation of harmful pests and the spread of foul smells and toxic gases, constituting a threat to public and environmental health. 5. The depletion and deterioration of biodiversity due to wildlife hunting including the hunting of the highly threatened sea turtles, and trees cutting which have a multi-purpose use. 6. The infestation of commensal rodents that contribute to the prevalence of diseases and transmission of various infections to humans. 7. The pollution of the marine and coastal environments by wastewater disposal and marked shortage of animal proteins derived from fish, since fishing vessels have stopped working due to a lack of fuel. 8. The increased use of earth tunnels joining between the Gaza Strip and Egypt, which have many consequent environmental and health catastrophes.
|Published in||المؤتمر الرابع لكلية الآداب: فلسطين؛ واحد وستون عاماً على النكبة 17/5/2009 - الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة|
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة _ كلية الآداب|
|Files in this item|
|Israeli Blockade on the Gaza Strip and its Environmental Impacts.pdf||430.8Kb|