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|Title||Threats facing the marine environment and fishing in the Gaza Strip: Field and literature study|
|Title in Arabic||المهددات التي تواجه البيئة البحرية والصيد السمكي في قطاع غزة: دراسة ميدانية ومرجعية|
The importance of marine resources in the Gaza Strip stems from the fact that it represents a significant source of animal protein to the Palestinians and as a source of income to the fishery sector which covers more than 2500 fishermen. Due to the small fishing area available to the Palestinians, the fishermen usually exert intensive fishing efforts using all available means to achieve abundant catches with no respect to the impacts of their activities on the marine environment and fisheries resources. The current study aims at identifying the threats facing the marine environment and fisheries resources in the Gaza Strip and at suggesting possible recommendations dealing with their progress. The factors threatening the marine environment and fishing in the Gaza Strip included untreated wastewater disposal from various sources including Wadi Gaza, multi-source solid waste disposal and alteration of the landscape of the marine coast through rock removal, shanty constructions and coastal sand dunes depletion. The weakness of fishermen infrastructure, overfishing using inappropriate means including bottom trawling and small-meshed nets, fishing using chemical pesticides, catch of threatened marine turtles and lack of efficient fishing harbors are also major threats to marine life and environment. Besides, the Israeli military aggressions and restrictions by controlling fishing areas, sea closure, poaching and arresting of fishermen and intentional destruction of fishing gear are actual threats to marine fishing and fishermen saftey. Finally, the study suggests the necessity of stopping pollution sources, improving the infrastructure of fishing sector and fishermen and improving the cooperation level among different parties to ensure better management and sustainability of the coastal and marine environment. The role of official and non-official media and educational institutions in enhancing research, respect and awareness to all stakeholders and public towards marine environment should be encouraged, elevated and put into action.
|Published in||المؤتمر الهندسي الدولي الثاني للإعمار و التنمية، كلية الهندسة، الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة – فلسطين|
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة _ كلية الهندسة|
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|Threats facing the marine environment in Gaza Strip.pdf||7.855Mb|