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|Title||Threats facing the archaeological sites and buildings in the Gaza Strip - Palestine|
|Title in Arabic||المهددات التي تواجه المواقع والمباني الأثرية في قطاع غزة – فلسطين|
The archaeological sites and buildings of the Gaza Strip (365 km2) are subject to great threats that undermine their nature, history and sustainability and may destroy them completely. The present study aims at recording the most important threats facing the archaeological sites and buildings in the Gaza Strip through field visits and interviewing the interested parties in addition to the survey of literary references and web sites. The results of the study showed deterioration and destruction of many sites and buildings in the Gaza Strip due to many natural and human threats. Natural threats were manifested by the destruction and erosion of sites and buildings caused by erosion, excessive growth of flora and the spread of wild animals (fauna) such as rodents, birds, reptiles, arthropods and others. The human threats included the Israeli military operations, political instability such as the Israeli siege, Palestinian-Palestinian division, poverty and unemployment, theft and looting of archaeological artifacts after excavation, deterioration of the environmental situation in the vicinity of archaeological sites and buildings, the random spread of sand quarries, inappropriate behaviors of visitors and local residents towards the archaeological sites and buildings, the demolition, removal and vandalism of archaeological materials, the mismanagement and poor planning of land use for developmental purposes, and the lack of cultural sense of the importance of archaeological sites and buildings, and finally, the absence of rehabilitation projects, lack of funding and lack of local expertise. In conclusion, the current study recommends the cooperation of the concerned governmental and nongovernmental agencies in order to limit the threats and to preserve the archaeological sites and buildings in the Gaza Strip in a sustainable fashion. There is also a need for a national strategy for the protection of antiquities because they represent a witness to the history of man in Palestine over thousands of years.
|Published in||The 4th International Conference on Rehabilitation of Historic Sites and Buildings within the Modern Requirements, IWAN Center for Cultural Heritage and Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Islamic University of Gaza|
|Publisher||الجامعة الإسلامية بغزة _ كلية الهندسة|
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