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|Title||Trees and Shrubs Existing at the Main Campus of the Islamic University of Gaza, Gaza Strip, Palestine|
|Title in Arabic||الأشجار والشجيرات المتزاجدة في الحرم الرئيس للجامعة الإسلامية بغزة، قطاع غزة، فلسطين|
The Gaza Strip, which has a population of about 2.0 million and an area of about 365 km2, has many higher education institutions. The green quadrates, corridors and gardens of these institutions are commonly cultivated with many horticultural plants including trees and shrubs that provide many environmental, health, and aesthetic values. The Palestinian universities of the Gaza Strip have never been studied for the composition and numbers of their trees and shrubs. Therefore, the current study aims at identifying and recording the trees and shrubs prevailing and enhancing the ecology and environmental health aspects of the main campus of the Islamic University of Gaza (MC-IUG). Frequent surveys and observations were carried out during a six-month study extended from February, 2018 to July, 2018 in order to identify and totally count the trees and shrubs existing at MC-IUG. A total number of 2248 trees and shrubs belonging to 53 species, 25 families and 16 orders were identified and recorded at the MC-IUG. The Gymnosperms included 5 species (9.43%) only, while the Angiosperms was represented by 48 species (90.57%), of which the monocots were 9 species (16.98%) and the dicots were 39 species (73.59%). Rosales was the biggest order and comprised 9 (16.98%) of the recorded species. It was followed by Lamiales and Myrtales which comprised 5 (9.43%) for each. The orders Pinales, Arecales, Asparagales and Malpighiales were represented by 4 species (7.55%) for each. Moraceae was the biggest family and comprised 8 (15.09%) of the recorded species. It was followed by the two families Arecaceae and Asparagaceae, which comprised 5 species (9.43% for each). Six tree and shrub species (11.32%) of MC-IUG were found to exceed the threshold of 100 individuals for each. These comprised 1657 individuals (73.71%) of the 2248 counted. The Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) was, by far, the most common species. It comprised 31.98% of the individuals counted. This was followed by the Benjamin Fig (Ficus benjamina) (10.45%), Hopbush (Dodonea viscose) and Moringa (Moringa oleifera) (8.63% for each), Dwarf Umbrella Tree (Schefflera arboricola) (8.19%) and Weeping Fig (Ficus nitida) (5.82%). The majority of tree and shrub species 49 (92.45%) recoded in the current study are exotic, while the native ones are restricted to only 4 species (7.55%). Finally, the current study recommends the selection of tree and shrub species corresponding with the local prevailing environmental conditions in order to ensure the ecological and environmental health values needed by the university community.
|Published in||International Journal of Latest Transactions in Engineering And Science (IJLTES)|
|Series||Volume 7 Issue 1|
|Item link||Item Link|