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|Title||Synthetize and Magnetic Properties of Ni Substituted Polycrystalline Zn-spinel Ferrites|
|Title in Arabic||Synthetize and Magnetic Properties of Ni Substituted Polycrystalline Zn-spinel Ferrites|
The mixed polycrystalline Ni1-sZnsFe2O4 ferrites where s is the percentage increments of Zn ions, were prepared using the standard double sintering by mixing pure metal oxides NiO, ZnO and Fe2O3. The netmagnetization (Mnet)was studied at room temperature as a function of applied magnetic field(H)over the range of (0-45) Oe ina constant magnetizing frequency (ν = 50 Hz). Mnet show increasing with increasing of H. Mnet is found to increase for the samples of s= 0.0, 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 then decreases there after while the concentration of Zn increases in matrix i.e. samples of s = 0.8 and 1.0. The increasing of the magnetization with increasing of Zn+2 ions for the samples of s= 0.0, 0.2 and 0.4 explained by Neel’s two-sublattice model. However,for the decreasing of magnetization beyond > 0.6 explained by Yafet and Kittel for the three-sublattice model. The Yafet-Kittel angle (YK) for the samples of s = 0.4 to s = 1.0, shows increasing with increasing of the amount of nonmagnetic ions Zn+2 in ferrite. The relation between H and relative permeability (µr) show an interesting behavior of the present ferrite samples. µr for the samples of s = 0.0, 0.2, 0.8 and 1.0 is found to be smaller than the samples with s= 0.4 and s= 0.6. Substitution of the non-magnetic Zn+2 ions in Ni spinel ferrite has a tremendous influence such the magnetic properties. Furthermore, Zn content has significant influence on the magnetic properties for Ni ferrites, so, the mixed Ni-Zn spinel ferrite is considered a soft ferrite material, which is proved an interesting material for technological and scientific applications.
|Published in||International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology (IJRASET)|
|Series||Volume 4 Issue XII,|
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